Aegir 3.8 on Ubuntu 16.04 Xenial on LXD LXC (eventually)

I have decided to write some books and work on apps from those. One book will be on website building and the other will be on self-hosting.

Therefore I am going to record the set-up, customization, programming and themes of various systems for hosting.

One I know relatively well is Aegir, basically Drupal hosting Drupal with Drush. I am going to work through Aegir 3.8 on Ubuntu Xenial with PHP 7 which is twice as fast.

As a second step I use the Remote Import feature to import sites from an OVH server.

The plan is to build a Drupal 7 and a Drupal 8 site each using my emerging framework.

Community Organizing

For a maybe 12 months I volunteered as community organizer for the Aegir Project and co-founded and co-organized an event at the United Nations hosted within nyccamp and

This event is called Aegir Summit and we had Richard Stallman of Free Software Foundation give the Aegir group a strategy session and he also gave the entire summit a presentation on Free Software. The 2015 Aegir Summit archive site has details on sessions etc and the 2016 Aegir Summit featured NASA hosting with Aegir by Mobomo.

The Aegir Summit mini site has some additional info as does the marketing site Aegir Hosting System and the community site. I also gave a talk at Stanford Drupal Camp (slides) and at SCALE as report-back sessions from the New York event, basically telling my story and advocating commercial free software.

Virtual Machine

Am working on LXD / LXC I use a partly pre-configured Xenial LXC container

launch a fresh LXC container

enter enter the container and change hostname, hosts and network

lxc exec aegir-devekko-io bash

update and upgrade the container

apt-update && apt-upgrade

edit the /etc/hostname


/etc/hosts files, I turn off ipv6 as I cant use DNS with ipv6 on my LAN and it creates issues aegir-devekko-io localhost
REDACTED aegir-devekko-io localhost aegir-devekko-io localhost


The primary network interface

auto eth0:0 eth0:1 
iface eth0:0 inet static 
address REDACTED/28 
gateway REDACTED

iface eth0:1 inet static 

dns-nameservers REDACTED 


Pre-requisites for Aegir 3.8

From the Aegir docs we first update and upgrade

apt update && apt upgrade

we then check DNS and hostname

uname -a
Linux aegir-devekko-io 4.4.0-57-generic #78-Ubuntu SMP Fri Dec 9 23:50:32 UTC 2016 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux
hostname -i REDACTED

install utilities

apt install git wget rsync

According to Aegir maintainer colan in response to my ISSUE on he does this for the Postfix MTA, I’ve been caught on this numerous times on Ubuntu and Aegir

apt install postfix bsd-mailx mutt

in Postfix config I choose Internet site and as email domain

alter /etc/postfix/

inet_interfaces =

Install Aegir 3.9

add project repositories

echo "deb stable main" | sudo tee -a /etc/apt/sources.list.d/aegir-stable.list</pre>

and archive key to keyring

wget -q -O- | sudo apt-key add -
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt update

Install Aegir 3.9 Debian Packages

sudo apt-get install aegir3

manually enter a Mysql password (some of the Ansible installers handle this)

choose an Aegir UI domain, Aegir is installed

start the file wall

sudo ufw allow http
Rules updated
Rules updated (v6)
[email protected]:~# sudo ufw enable
Firewall is active and enabled on system startup

Sites | - Chromium_002

Note, I did actually have issues and had to autoremove and purge postfix and tried to manually install Php etc

Installation did finally work after considerable troubleshooting. I would say that there is defintely something happening during install on Xenial that is not being handled properly.

Aegir is installed, and now its time to add a Drupal 7 and a Drupal 8 site for my project.

More in later blog posts